Survival Fire

The hand drill is one of the simplest friction methods available.

First cut a notch in a large piece of wood, about the thickness of your forearm, using a rock or knife tip.  Now select a dry, hardened stick, no thicker than your thumb and about a foot long.

Secure the wood with a knee or under foot, put one end of the stick in the notch, clasp the stick between your palms and quickly rub them back and forth. Press hard downward as you do this and until the spinning stick produces an ember.

Transfer the ember into your tinder.  Once transferred, lightly blow on the ember until is becomes a visible flame.

Good sources of tinder include dried grasses, lichens, shavings of wood, windblown seed or fluff, paper, pocket lint and even hair. The tinder bundle should be roughly the size of a chicken egg and loosely formed to allow air circulation.

The flame produced by the ember is now ready to be laid in your all-ready prepared fire pit.  First, you must clear an area about five-feet from the center where you intend to have your fire.

The easiest method the Tepee.

In the center of your clearing, arrange more tinder and a few sticks of kindling in the shape of a tepee or cone. Place your burning tinder in the middle of the formation.

As the tepee burns, the outside logs will fall in, feeding the fire. This type of fire burns well even with wet wood.

Don’t forget to tend the fire throughout the night and keep up the coals by banking it during the day. Banking simply means to place a thick layer of ash-dust on top of the coals to keep them ready for their next use.

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